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what causes a migraine?

Despite the huge number of people suffering from migraines, the true cause is still not entirely clear. However, Clinical Nutritionist, Suzie Sawyer explains: ‘this complex condition is certainly not just a vascular headache but more a disorder of the nervous system function which causes inflammatory changes in pain-sensitive parts of the brain.’

Research has also shown that migraines often run in families, so it is thought that the condition may be caused by a genetic disposition. Alongside genes, certain environmental factors can also increase the risk of developing migraines, including:

  • stress
  • poor sleep
  • hormonal changes (for example, childbirth or menopause)
  • certain foods and drink
  • depleted vitamin and mineral levels
  • too much screen time
  • poor posture

Our modern lifestyles could be to blame. Dr Xandra Middleton, co-founder of adio Health, explains: ‘Technology plays a part in the causes of migraines. These days, the joints and muscles of our neck and upper back are put under constant, unnatural pressure when we are always looking down to check our phone or tablet.’